Curl Specify Auth Header

The u switch in curl encodes the "username:password" to base64 then passes that as an authentication header. c:735) and if there is no ticket it would not set the bit claiming it is "available" for use. 100 Auth Nwt Women Burberry Laminated Eastheath Check Trench Rain Coat 6 Eu 40 For Sale. If this option is set more than once, the last one will be the one that's used. Total size of HTTP headers cannot exceed 65 KiB. When making API calls, always remember to send along your Access Token (see previous example) in an HTTP header named Authorization. I can do this no problem in BASH but do not even know where to start in powershell. Skip to header menu; Skip to action menu; Skip to quick search; Ribbon Technical Publications. I wanted to curl command to ignore SSL certification warning. Download httpcustomheader. API key is our primary method and should be used in most cases. Http authentication mechanism is a basic access restriction to the web resources. This method is to create http requests from curl command. PHP C# cURL R. Request authentication is via OAuth 2. We need to specify the authentication URL, build a basic authorization header and set the data type we will be working with. If you have trouble including the value of the 'Date' header in the canonicalized headers, you can set the timestamp for the request by using an 'x-amz-date' header instead. To use curl to access the management API, you must manually set the Authorization header in a request. Although it implements IDisposable, it seems that by wrapping it in the using block, you can make your app malfunction and get the SocketException. The Basic authentication method sends the user name and password in clear text over the network (base64 encoded) and should be avoided for HTTP transport. If you set every curl handle to update a shared cookiejar on close you may overwrite the new found session value with the old session value depending on the closing order of your handles. Read on for details!. Re: How to specify the authorization token header in Swagger-UI. If you're using an official Dropbox SDK, it will handle these specifics for you. Manage the API Keys Associated to a User. Option 2: use curl -u, and environment variables. Jan 01, 2012 · Thanks for the suggestions but for some weird reason the Auth header does not seem to be sent with the request? When I view the session using Fiddler the request does not containt the auth header, Fiddler says: No Proxy-Authenticate Header is present. TLS Certificate Auth Method (API) This is the API documentation for the Vault TLS Certificate authentication method. To do this, we first determine the size of the response header, and then simply cut it from the response using the substr() function. In this post, I will show you how to configure PHP's cURL functions to access a web resource that is protected by basic HTTP authentication. Alternatively you can also pass api_key= as a request parameter, though we strongly discourage this mode of passing the key. A curl tutorial using GitHub's API. OAuth provides a secure way for your application to access Zendesk data without having to store and use the passwords of Zendesk users, which is sensitive information. This package builds with Swift Package Manager and is part of the Perfect project. When using HTTP Basic Authentication the access token is the username and the password may be left blank. Jun 11, 2018 · Authentication Authentication is passed in the Authorization header with a value set to Bearer . Place each header as an array element //An alternative to building the. Remember to keep this. I can do this no problem in BASH but do not even know where to start in powershell. You may specify any number of extra headers. Short Description. In order to use PHP cURL, you must have installed and enabled libcurl module for PHP on your system. The swift tool is a command line utility for communicating with an OpenStack Object Storage (swift) environment. In some cases you may feel more comfortable using a Bearer Token for Authorization. If a token is set in the delegation query parameter, the authenticated user is the user encoded in the token. #include CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, struct curl_slist *headers); DESCRIPTION. Hello, I hava a problem to "convert" a curl to powershell Invoke-Restmethod. Authorization Token used for the request. It also has abstractions for the HTTP Response (something that cUrl really lacks). “Failed to connect to 1. the curl command in linux supports many kinds of protocols, including http/https but actually, there’s more going on behind. Using the "set header" command, you can leverage HTTPRepl to test and navigate any secure REST API service including your Azure-hosted API services or the Azure Management API. Access tokens are the keys used for API access. Bearer distinguishes the type of Authorization you're using, so it's important. txt file for future reference. se If your proxy requires the authentication to be done using the NTLM method, use --proxy-ntlm, if it requires Digest use --proxy-digest. If this option is set more than once, the last one will be the one that's used. You can easily access the Abiquo GUI by using a token as URL parameter. The content type is also set properly. MetaDefender Cloud APIs are protected by a Basic authentication mechanism. Jul 08, 2014 · View Only Headers with Curl. For example, to add headers to a request, we simply place them in an Array , which can then be passed to the cul_setopt function. Feb 16, 2007 · 7. The flow endpoint is used to interact with the user in a sign-on workflow. By setting the appropriate options, the application can change libcurl's behavior. Set the Username and Password. The code I posted correctly puts data into the content body where it belongs for a POST request. Jan 29, 2013 · Once you have configured ~/. When the Authorization header is encoded for thefirst GET request, the header value is stored in the allocptr. Desi Tie Back Crop Top Superdown Review. I can do this no problem in BASH but do not even know where to start in powershell. Authentication Plugins # Authentication Plugins. If an HTTP receives an anonymous request for a protected resource it can force the use of Basic authentication by rejecting the request with a 401 (Access Denied) status code and setting the WWW-Authenticate response header as shown below:. This is probably the reason why you're not getting in. " Pass the OTP in the header:. How I Set Php Curl Header Authorization. In another tutorial, we saw that Basic authentication relies on a Base64 encoded 'Authorization' header whose value consists of the word 'Basic' followed by a space followed by the Base64 encoded name:password. An Office 365 subscription offers an ad-free interface, custom domains, enhanced security options, the full desktop version of Office, and 1 TB of cloud storage. ptr points to the delivered data, and the size of that data is size multiplied with nmemb. youri-missing-perl-Cookie-Baker [missing] perl-DBD-mysql. Only integrated authentication is enabled, and a client browser was used that does not support integrated authentication. This is done by first making a request and checking the response. CleverTap uses a header based authentication model to authenticate requests to the API. As shown in Figure 1, take the following steps to set up your Guardium system for the REST API:. # Overview Every CleverTap API call should include both your Account ID and Account Passcode as the request headers. is there a way to get the client certs fingerprint and put it in the request header when forwarding the request to another app?. When using HTTP Basic Authentication the access token is the username and the password may be left blank. ThingsBoard uses JWT for request auth. PHP cURL Authentication Issue Tag: php , curl , login I worked with HttpFox and have compared the values (url and post data) with the ones my code has generated. This option explicitly allows curl to perform "insecure" SSL connections and transfers. Nov 21, 2019 · Coherence is a full featured, configurable authentication system for Phoenix, with the following modules: Database Authenticatable: handles hashing and storing an encrypted password in the database. com Org ID must be provided. It’s not impossible to that from the command line, but it’s easier using programming. To use curl to access the management API, you must manually set the Authorization header in a request. Sending an access token as a Bearer Token is useful when you want to conceal the access token in a request header instead of sending it to in the body or request. This header tells you how your account receives its two-factor authentication codes. This token must be used in any subsequent REST API call during the lifetime of the session. You can send multiple headers by giving multiple --header arguments (see above). API keys can be generated in TestRail under My Settings. If an unacceptable user agent is given, the POST is ignored. Next, you need to provide your service account authentication as a Bearer token. Use cURL to run the request. The type is Basic and the credentials are a base64-encoded string consisting of the username and password joined with a colon (i. Calling Payment APIs. The first part of the key pair is a UUID representing the identity of the consumer. Set curl headers. How to send API Keys. Note that if you should add a custom header that has the same name as one of the internal ones curl would use, your externally set header will be used instead of the internal one. Using cURL and the host header to bypass a load balancer 29 March 2010 Users are reporting that when they load the site they're occasionally seeing stale content. Pass a pointer to a linked list of HTTP headers to pass to the server and/or proxy in your HTTP request. Diagonals of polygons are also useful. As I’m always working with various JSON based APIs in PHP which don’t have dedicated libraries, heres my simple ‘default’ Curl JSON function for PHP. When making API calls to the Dropbox API, each request requires a certain level of authentication. Problem We want to use curl to access the site that required http authentication. Read more about Authentication. Nov 21, 2017 · So I have a very simple bash script that is curl’ing to an auth server for a header. This tool is designed to work without user interaction, making it excellent for automation. Remove it with the following sentence set_magic_quotes_runtime(0) As this function is deprecated and it will be deleted in PHP 7. This allows you to make even trickier stuff than curl would normally do. Your server is free to accept JWT using other headers or ways (e. Authorization. Invoke management API from a proxy; Invoke a proxy within a proxy; Manage Edge resources without using source control management; Define multiple virtual hosts with same host alias and port number. TLS Certificate Auth Method (API) This is the API documentation for the Vault TLS Certificate authentication method. 0 access tokens. Some REST endpoints require authentication and others do not. The CURL request needs to send a header to specify JSON and an API key. wgetrc, you no longer need to use "--header" option with wget. You can easily access the Abiquo GUI by using a token as URL parameter. CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION - TRUE; automatically follow any Location: header that the server sends as part of the HTTP header (note this is recursive, PHP will follow as many Location: headers as specified by the value of CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS - see below);. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Note that if you should add a custom header that has the same name as one of the internal ones curl would use, your externally set header will be used instead of the internal one. With our first-class support and rich feature set, it's easy to see why our customers and partners make cPanel & WHM their hosting platform of choice. @johnnysalgadom the way you generate Authorization header seem to be correct. These curl recipes show you how to perform basic HTTP server authorization. I'll link to this in my project, as I have instructed my team to start here. Solution curl -u username. ACX Series,EX Series,M Series,MX Series,PTX Series,QFX Series,SRX Series,T Series. Hello, I hava a problem to "convert" a curl to powershell Invoke-Restmethod. Httpful is a simple, chainable, readable PHP library intended to make speaking HTTP sane. This means that I can therefore view the headers only throwing away stdout completely:. This page shows you how to allow REST clients to authenticate themselves using basic authentication with an Atlassian account username and API token. we will create register and login api with simple retrieve user details. This token must be passed as a request parameter for all POST, PUT, and DELETE requests using session authentication. set(headers(headers) clears any other header setting you may have already set. Network Requests with Perfect-CURL. To complete the steps required to make basic calls to the Street View Publish API, follow the steps in this tutorial. To use curl to access the management API, you must manually set the Authorization header in a request. The cURL equivalent for interacting with REST APIs in PowerShell is Invoke-RestMethod. c:735) and if there is no ticket it would not set the bit claiming it is "available" for use. May 25, 2019 · Today, We want to share with you PHP cURL Set custom header Authorization. The only thing that changes between the vendor examples is the URL, the rest you can see stays the same: VMware:. Server sends 200 OK. Concatenate the user name with a colon, and the password. 8 Create REST API With Passport Authentication. You need to send it all the time within Authorization: Bearer header. The Key Authorization policy is an efficient way of securing restricting access to your API endpoints for applications through API keys. eg // Add Authorization code. You probably want curl -i anyway, which is less verbose and more useful than -v in most cases. (HTTP) Extra header to use when getting a web page. Set up authentication 1. In my recent laravel 5 project, I'm used to prepare my logics as Repository method. 1 context - Florent Morselli Oct 23 '15 at 7:22. Jun 27, 2012 · Curl JSON function for PHP 27 Jun 2012. Authentication Examples. Using cURL and the host header to bypass a load balancer 29 March 2010 Users are reporting that when they load the site they're occasionally seeing stale content. All requests to the Team Password Manager API must be authenticated. In this post we will show you How to set custom request header keys with curl and PHP?, hear for How to add the custom headers to the https request curl PHP script? we will give you demo and example. cURL utility is a way to communicate with CouchDB. eg // Add Authorization code. Basically, we need to obtain a token. To ensure that the header in the HTTP request is being formatted as expected, enable echoing using the "echo on" command. the curl command in linux supports many kinds of protocols, including http/https but actually, there’s more going on behind. We are adding special prefixes for autorization headers that has been created by the setRequestHeader method because TestCafe proxy-server uses it for processing. The client passes the authentication information to the server in an Authorization header. Copy the code and paste it in your terminal. Cookies are sent in the request headers. This tutorial will help you call your API from a machine-to-machine (M2M) application using the Client Credentials Flow. You can send multiple headers by giving multiple --header arguments (see above). #include CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, struct curl_slist *headers); DESCRIPTION. Note: headers didn't need to be set, cURL automatically sets headers (like content-type: multipart/form-data; content-length) when you pass an array into CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS. 0 exchange results in receiving an access token , which is required for all BlackBerry IoT Platform API calls. Integrated authentication is enabled and the request was sent through a proxy that changed the authentication headers before they reach the Web server. A CARTO API Key is physically a token/code of 12+ random alphanumeric characters. csv --user certreport:Cert#Report9 'http. Thanks a lot for your help! My problem was that the authorization header doesn't get sent or shown on the curl command although it does get set correctly. To do this, we first determine the size of the response header, and then simply cut it from the response using the substr() function. There is no build-in way to only return the response headers using cURL in PHP. Please set a request header 'X-JokesOne-Api-Secret' with value of your API key. cURL is a command-line tool that lets you transmit and receive HTTP requests and responses from the command line or a shell script. Get started with LinkedIn Learning API endpoints. 1 Basic Authentication. Oct 08, 2009 · I had to make php based site interchange some information with a MS Sharepoint based site, moreover the latter was secured by a proxy-server and used SSL (https). The header url is written to a var and then used in the next curl call. com/ Posting Data with Curl curl --data 'foo=bar. 1 How to enter (a) command(s)¶ Create a Test Plan From a cURL Command Sends the specified data in a POST request to the HTTP server. The steps to perform a token exchange are detailed in the following sections. The script consists of two basic actions: 1. No WWW-Authenticate Header is present. In this post we will show you Execute a HTTP POST Using PHP CURL, hear for php curl set header authorization we will give you demo and example for implement. Authentication types. Authenticate with HTTP Basic Authentication or the HTTP Authorization header. In exchange for these credentials, the Zakeke authorization server issues access tokens called bearer tokens that you use for authorization when you make REST API requests. The HTTP WWW-Authenticate response header defines the authentication method that should be used to gain access to a resource. We now go step-by-step, from getting auth tokens to making the call with cURL, in creating a new campaign budget. Once you buy a Desi Tie Back Crop Top Superdown Sale online, we make it as straightforward as doable for you to discover out when your Desi Tie Back Crop Top Superdown Shopping will be delivered. curl is a a command line tool that allows to transfer data across the network. – sMyles Sep 20 '16 at 15:01. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. If basic auth is enabled (it is enabled by default) you can authenticate your HTTP request via standard basic auth. I'm building a REST web service client in PHP and at the moment I'm using curl to make requests to the service. The code I am using for connection is the same as in this other post, but with my modifications following the @ramrider user's suggestion that I suggested passing the cookies in the header, but I'm not sure how this should be done. If you want to learn to add login to your native. This token must be passed as a request parameter for all POST, PUT, and DELETE requests using session authentication. Downloading Files with cURL. For example:. Authentication Examples. This token is then passed via the headers to authenticate subsequent requests. You will need many times to send custom header with curl while you are trying to access third party http authenticated apis response. Requests via other routes will be authenticated using the cookie. httpcustomheader. You can specify authorization modes on individual fields in the schema. The first time through, it reads the Negotiate header, updates "avail", and then does nothing since "picked" is 0. A complete HTTP header that is passed to this function can be up to CURL_MAX_HTTP_HEADER (100K) bytes and includes the final line terminator. Enable API and create new API key. Access the management API with curl. It seems as if APIs are popping up everywhere these days. A successful Login response header includes a Set-Cookie with X-SESSIONID value. By doing so, cURL makes it easy to communicate between different websites and domains. Sending an access token as a Bearer Token is useful when you want to conceal the access token in a request header instead of sending it to in the body or request. You should not replace internally set headers without knowing perfectly well what you're doing. This can often times happen in the redirect_uri parameter. Note that the token will expire using the timeout set for the Web UI. In following command username and password is set for authentication for accessing www. How can I set or change user agent with curl command on Linux or Unix like system? A user agent is nothing but software agent that is acting on behalf of a user. Jan 25, 2018 · libcurl has had auth leak bug since 'the first commit we recorded' libcurl will send that set of headers first to the host in the initial URL but also, if asked to follow redirects and a 30X. We need to specify the authentication URL, build a basic authorization header and set the data type we will be working with. Kawshik_itbd. The Perfect-CURL package provides support for curl in Swift. I created a PR to fix their sample appveyor/website#255. Oct 03, 2013 · Postman Collection v3 Updated on: 8/28/2019. is there a way to get the client certs fingerprint and put it in the request header when forwarding the request to another app?. For interoperability, the use of these headers is governed by W3C norms, so even if you're reading and writing the header, you should follow them. HTTP provides a general framework for access control and authentication. soetingr wrote: I played around with python to work with the API. set_Headers(headers); //Set. This page shows you how to allow REST clients to authenticate themselves using basic authentication with an Atlassian account username and API token. 0 authorization protocol The PayPal REST APIs use the OAuth 2. Paste the curl call into your favorite text editor. your email address). You can use our encoder to create an authorisation header here. cURL Tutorial showing how to add custom headers with CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER. This access token must have been generated using the client_id and client_secret provided in the Authorization header. The Created and Expired elements are present, since the request comes with the TTL value. 0+ tool chain. libcurl buffers headers and delivers only "full" headers, one by one, to this callback. Analysis: 1. First let's start by sending a custom HTTP header to the server. Added in cURL 7. Examples are provided for the cURL CLI tool, Python scripting environment, and Postman API utility. Whatever the question, cURL is usually the answer. Before each POST call, get a new authorization code: Copy and reload your authorization URL; Click [ACCEPT] and copy the new authorization code; Change the value of the POST's code parameter to match the new authorization code. In order to get this to work you need to: 1) Be sure that the folder where libeay32. With our first-class support and rich feature set, it's easy to see why our customers and partners make cPanel & WHM their hosting platform of choice. ngrok's http tunnels allow you to specify basic authentication credentials to protect your tunnels. To get an access token for user demo and password 1234, I simply use the OAuth2 Resource Owner Password flow. Specify username and password for curl command. By insisting on curl using chunked Transfer-Encoding, curl will send the POST "chunked" piece by piece in a special style that also sends the size for each such chunk as it goes along. To test the robot indexing prevention header I added to the Mozilla Developer Network, I used one simple cURL command to grab all headers from an address. access_token. Your server is free to accept JWT using other headers or ways (e. Dec 04, 2019 · Hey @alexdonskih - welcome back! I think this is a misunderstanding. i think your /tmp/ file has no write permission. To use curl to access the management API, you must manually set the Authorization header in a request. This allows you thusly to save files in a sensible name structure when you d/l them with curl. ThingsBoard uses JWT for request auth. In the example below, the command-line tool curl. When making API calls to the Dropbox API, each request requires a certain level of authentication. And you where right about the simple quote. 3, Elijah E. 3 had just been release recently with a further bug fixes. cURL Example: Post a JSON File with Basic Auth The web was missing a clear example that showed how to POST a JSON file with Basic Auth. The only thing that changes between the vendor examples is the URL, the rest you can see stays the same: VMware:. Remember, you need to always use your API token. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Updated authentication for api gateway services (IOC, CertView, FIM, ITAM). Hi All, I am trying to convert this CURL query to powershell (Invoke-RestMethod), can somebody help me out? curl -o certificaterequest. A bitmask consisting of one or more of CURLSSH_AUTH_PUBLICKEY, CURLSSH_AUTH_PASSWORD, CURLSSH_AUTH_HOST, CURLSSH_AUTH_KEYBOARD. For curl to perform HTTP Basic Authentication, it is easy to pass -user to the curl command, but harder with libcurl. ngrok's http tunnels allow you to specify basic authentication credentials to protect your tunnels. 1 Host: api. These curl recipes show you how to perform basic HTTP server authorization. Set curl options, proxy, and basic auth crul-options: Set curl options, proxy, and basic auth in crul: HTTP Client rdrr. I too faced the same issue. There should be at most one Authorization header: mixing "Authorization Basic" and "Authorization Bearer" won't work well; There should be at most one scoped authentication scheme: if we define several such authorizers they would all use the same bearer token. A server should not present (in the WWW-Authentication headers) any scheme that it is not prepared to accept or that does not adequately secure the protected resource. As we already know cURL is an open source and freely distributed software project, a command-line utility that help you easily transfer any type of data using a URL syntax. When the header is set by the client, then the Authorization-header from the request is included in $_SERVER — not sure if this is something new, but it is now. Option 2: use curl -u, and environment variables. This only works when using the API with an administrator account, this header will be ignored when using the API with a regular user account. It ships with a dizzying array of options and features, most of which you will not need on a daily basis. You can specify authorization modes on individual fields in the schema. As I’m always working with various JSON based APIs in PHP which don’t have dedicated libraries, heres my simple ‘default’ Curl JSON function for PHP. Set serverClientID to the client ID for the resource you're connecting to. In fact, the examples previously shown were plain GET calls. I am a committer and a Project Management Committee (PMC) member for Apache Synapse ESB and Apache Airavata projects. By doing so, cURL makes it easy to communicate between different websites and domains. PHP: Set custom headers with cURL. Sending an access token as a Bearer Token is useful when you want to conceal the access token in a request header instead of sending it to in the body or request. htaccess file, combined with a. Get an Access Token - cURL. Set the following in your kibana. HTTP-headers get prefixed in the $_SERVER array with HTTP_ which may be something you previously overlooked. se) is a command-line tool that uses a URL format to transfer data. Set up authentication 1. You will be prompted to choose the authentication method, choose CAS user. sometime we will get rest api response in xml fromat but we can set '--header "Accept:application/json"' option in curl to force curl to get response in JSON format. Invitable: sends invites to new users with a sign-up link, allowing the user to create their account with their own password. Authorization: Use this header if you are using an authentication token. However, as basic authentication repeatedly sends the username and password on each request, which could be cached in the web browser, it is not the most secure method of authentication we. Auth0 makes it. Except for POST requests and requests that are signed by using query parameters, all Amazon S3 operations use the Authorization request header to provide authentication information. PHP cURL Authentication Issue Tag: php , curl , login I worked with HttpFox and have compared the values (url and post data) with the ones my code has generated. Get the Bearer token. Authorization: token header in HTTP headers; All of these methods accept the same API key token type. Using content negotiation, the server then selects one of the proposals, uses it and informs the client of its choice with the Content-Type response header. Solution curl -u username. If you want to access the http authenticated apis then you must send the authorization token to identify yourself by the authorization token. If the fields are not shown (this happens if you have already logged in) but you want to see them. pfx file extension). API Usage with cURL This appendix provides instructions on adapting REST requests for use with cURL. 0 specification to pass the client_id and client_secret values as an HTTP-Basic Authentication header, as described in IETF RFC 2617. That is what the -D stuff on the CURL command is. In this blog we will discuss how to set curl headers and other options in Magento2. soetingr wrote: I played around with python to work with the API. Once you buy a Desi Tie Back Crop Top Superdown Sale online, we make it as straightforward as doable for you to discover out when your Desi Tie Back Crop Top Superdown Shopping will be delivered. Basic curl example. dll - tipically C:\\PHP - is present on the PATH variable. As we already know cURL is an open source and freely distributed software project, a command-line utility that help you easily transfer any type of data using a URL syntax. These sample scripts illustrate the interaction necessary to obtain and use OAuth 2. If you want to learn how the flow works and why you should use it, see Authorization Code Flow with Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE). curl is a powerful utility that can use to both download and upload data to servers. This flow allows your application to authorize with LinkedIn's API directly - outside the context of any specific user. Specify the -n flag to echo to eliminate the trailing newline. Installing NGINX. It's widely used as a way to send data across websites, including things like API interaction and oAuth. Notice that the request to enable the AppRole endpoint needed an authentication token. »Token Auth Method (API) This is the API documentation for the Vault token auth method. Jun 27, 2012 · Curl JSON function for PHP 27 Jun 2012. Server challanges the GET request with a set ofrealm, nonce and qop. Feb 16, 2007 · 7. Understanding the libslax curl Extension Library. The addition of API specific headers needs to be before any other header settings otherwise the. On the other hand curl -X HEAD -i will wait for the transmission of the number of bytes stated by Content-Length. Calls with client credentials in the URL are not recommended. foo, httpbin. A curl tutorial using GitHub's API. Most client software provides a simple mechanism for supplying a user name and password and will build the required authentication headers automatically. 0 might accidentally leak authentication data to third parties. curl -H "Content-Type. The "Content-Type" header directs the server to use JSON. To set a property of a resource, send a PATCH request with the X-Auth-Token header for the URI of the resource, the property name, type, and value encoded as a JSON body. Long before bearer authorization, this header was used for Basic authentication.